WHAT IS DIET-Diet is a combination of food ingredients that provides balanced nutrition in specific proportions for the proper functioning of the body and healthy living.
WHAT IS NUTRITION?
Nutrition is a science that deals with digestion, absorption, and metabolism of food. The food we eat has social, psychological and physiological impact on our health and general well being. The physiological role of food relates with generation of energy. Nutrition concerns with the consumption of food and its utilization by the body. The nutrients in the food are used for various functions in our body, Proper nutrition not only prevents illness, but also remarkably alters the course of illness if it occurs. The main components of food, which contain nutrition can be grouped into two categories:
Macronutrients: It contains protein, carbohydrates, and fats.
Micronutrients: It contains vitamins, minerals and electrolytes, and trace elements. Failure to obtain any of the above nutrients may be harmful or even catastrophic.
(A) Proteins: They are the building blocks for the structure of the body. Proteins are broken down into amino acids, which are the basis for synthesis of the body's bone and muscle, skin and brain. Amino acids are used to make nucleic acids, which form the genetic code as well as the molecules that store energy within the body. Thus at the very basic level protein is what we are made of.
(B) Carbohydrates: It is the major source of energy in human diet. Carbohydrates provides up to 80% of the total energy in the diet and is important for central nervous system i.e. Brain. The brain has limited ability to use non-carbohydrate energy.
(C) Fats: Fats are also an important source of energy and contains important lipids. Lipoproteins: a bit of fat wrapped around with protein to make it water-soluble. LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) carries cholesterol to the cells, thus making it harmful for the body. HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) carries cholesterol away from the cells, thus making it good for the body.
(D) Vitamins: They are nutrients that are essential to maintain normal metabolic functions of the body. Mammalian cells cannot synthesize all the vitamins, but functions as co-factor for enzymatic reactions. Synthetic as well as natural vitamins are equivalent in action and exert similar kinetics. Chronic deficiencies of vitamins are associated with cancer, cataract, arthritis, etc.
(E) Minerals and Electrolytes:
1.Sodium: It is the major factor in fluid balance and has a large role in acid-base balance. It also maintains muscle excitability.
2. Potassium: It regulates muscle activity, in particular neuromuscular excitability and contraction. The heart is quite sensitive to changes of potassium levels. High levels of potassium cause irritability of the cardiac muscle.
3. Calcium: It is the essential element in bones and teeth, but has number of other vital roles. It is central to the transmission of electrochemical signals across membranes like nerve impulse conduction, myocardial contraction, and muscle contraction and relaxation. Calcium is a very important component of blood coagulation, as it forms cross-linking of fibers for clot formation.
4. Magnesium: It is closely related with the working of calcium.
5. Phosphorus: It is found as phosphate in our body and is compounded with calcium as calcium phosphate to form the bony skeleton.
(F) Trace elements:
Most trace elements are metals and are frequent components of enzymes. Essential trace elements are iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, chromium, fluoride, iodine, etc.
It is important part of the Red Blood Cells.
It is a co-factor in enzymes that are involved in synthesis and degradation of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Zinc deficiency causes poor healing in children and may also cause growth retardation.
It is mainly in seafood and important for thyroid hormone. Its deficiency produces goiters in adults and mental retardation in children.
It is important for glucose regulation and is co-factor of insulin and appear to facilitate insulin binding to the cell membrane. Chromium has a role in maintaining normal blood glucose.
It has been found to prevent dental care.
Fiber is a material from plant cell wall that is resistant to digestion by enzymes of the human small intestine. Undigested fiber from the small intestine reaches the colon where it is broken down by the bacteria present in the colon into carbon dioxide, hydrogen, methane gas, and volatile fatty acids.
Dietary fiber promotes normal bowel functions. An increase in dietary fiber may prevent heart disease and cancer (particularly colon cancer). Intake of dietary fiber is also effective in the treatment of diarrhea.
Why Do We Need Nutrition?
Nearly 70% of the diseases are linked to malnutrition. The requirements of the body for various nutrients are not met through normal food consumed by us. This is because of our improper eating habits and false dietary consumption, which in turn gives rise to nutritional deficiencies and ultimately causes diseased condition. The diseased condition starts deteriorating the body, causing more complications which leads to reduced life span.
The problem we are currently facing is related to stress, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, osteoporoses, etc. The acceptance of western foods in India has affected adversely the eating habits of the local people. These types of foods which are rich in fats and carbohydrates, designed mainly for taste and for the ease of cooking, lacks lots of the required nutritional aspects. Hence we are compromising our health for taste. Research indicates the value of healthy diets in preventing various chronic diseases. All this calls for awareness in our eating habits that must include proper dietary supplements along with modifications in our lifestyle.
Herbal Nutrition Care:
Herbal nutrition provides a solution to overcome all the deficiencies in procuring nutrients that normally lack in our daily diet. Our goal at Herbaldiets is to provide "Natural Herbal Nutrition Care Programme" and to help people in reducing or completely eliminating all the health hazards towards healthy living.
In western countries people following the herbal care program have increased their life span through healthy living practices. In India, suiting our conditions we have developed various programs to enhance the capabilities of humans and creating more resistance to disease with increased immunity. The program emphasizes the importance for extending the life span as the most important factor for national human health. Our programs and solutions are best suited to provide good health right from neo-natal up to old age individuals, as well as for mothers who are expecting and women health in particular.
Thus we are aiming at the fact that:
"ONE CANNOT HAVE HEALTHY SPIRIT IN AN UNHEALTHY BODY"